With atrocities being committed by both sides, the Turks, very much in a minority, were forced to retreat to their coastal fortresses. By that time the desire for some form of independence was common among Greeks of all classes, whose Hellenism, or sense of Greek nationality, had long been fostered by the Greek Orthodox Churchby the survival of the Greek languageand by the administrative arrangements of the Ottoman Empire.
After that, the Ottoman Empire ruled the Balkans and Anatolia, with some exceptions. The Greek Revolution was not an isolated event; numerous failed attempts at regaining independence took place throughout the history of the Ottoman era. Throughout the 17th century there was great resistance to the Ottomans in the Morea and elsewhere, as evidenced by revolts led by Dionysius the Philosopher.
After the crushing of the uprising, Muslim Albanians ravaged many regions in mainland Greece. Greeks controlled the affairs of the Orthodox Church through the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinopleas the higher clergy of the Orthodox Church was mostly of Greek origin.
Defying Ottoman rule, the klephts were highly admired and held a significant place in popular lore. A great deal Greek independence dbq power was placed in their hands and they integrated in the network of clientelist relationships that formed the Ottoman administration.
This was achieved through the dissemination of books, pamphlets and other writings in Greek, in a process that has been described as the modern Greek Enlightenment Greek: Crucial for the development of the Greek national idea were the Russo-Turkish Wars of the 18th century.
Peter the Great had envisaged a disintegration of the Ottoman Empire and the re-institution of a new Byzantine Empire with an Orthodox emperor.
His Pruth River Campaign of set a precedent for the Greeks, when Peter appealed to Orthodox Christians to join the Russians and rise against the Turks to fight for "faith and homeland".
An independence movement in Peloponnesus Morea was incited by Russian agents inand a Greek flotilla under Lambros Katsonis assisted the Russian fleet in the war of Deeply influenced by the French Revolution, Rigas was the first to conceive and organize a comprehensive national movement aiming at the liberation of all Balkan nations—including the Turks of the region—and the creation of a "Balkan Republic".
Arrested by Austrian officials in Trieste inhe was handed over to Ottoman officials and transported to Belgrade along with his co-conspirators. All of them were strangled to death in June and their bodies were dumped in the Danube. When Korais was a young adult he moved to Paris to continue his studies.
He eventually graduated from the Montpellier School of Medicine and spent the remainder of his life in Paris. He would often have political and philosophical debates with Thomas Jefferson. While in Paris he was a witness to the French Revolution and saw the democracy that came out of it.
He spent a lot of his time convincing wealthy Greeks to build schools and libraries to further the education of Greeks. He believed that a furthering in education would be necessary for the general welfare and prosperity of the people of Greece, as well as the country.
The connection of the Greek Revolution with the Enlightenment and the French Revolution has been questioned by several Greek authors, who considered this theory mechanistic and false. Ioannis Theodorakopoulosthe historian of the Revolution Dionysios Kokkinosprof.
Konstantinos Despotopoulos and others  According to Th. Proussis, the main external factor who contributed to the progress to the Revolution was Russia. Since the era of Peter the Great, Russia envisioned a Christian battle against the Turks under his leadership.
Greece has been involved in the Russian plans since the revolution of Source: Greek exiles, The Greek Monarchy or A Word about Freedom, pamphlet published in Italy, The Ottoman state today finds itself in its death throes.
O Greeks, learn forever that the weapons of justice are unconquerable, and that the Ottomans will flee from the armed Greeks. Greek Movement for Independence: Character and Condition of Greeks in the Ottoman Empire. george cilantro 1/29/13 Mr. jack per. 3 AP Euro DBQ ESSAY Various people viewed the character and condition of Greeks in the Ottoman Empire during the Greek movement for independence in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.
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