But we all face the challenge of making sure that when we spend our money, we are also doing so wisely and safely. Recently, the fallout on product recalls, scams and shoddy workmanship have led to finger pointing, scapegoating, lawsuits and even penalties or imprisonment.
Quality of life According to David K. Owens, the former executive vice president of the Edison Electric Institutetwo key elements that a smart city must have are an integrated communications platform and a "dynamic resilient grid. The framework is divided into 4 main dimensions: Technology framework[ edit ] Several concepts of the Smart city rely heavily on the use of technology; a technological Smart City is not just one concept but there are different combinations of technological infrastructure that build a concept of smart city.
The main purpose is to create an environment in which citizens are interconnected and easily share information anywhere in the city. In these kinds of cities functions are implemented in a cyberspace; it includes the notion of hybrid city, which consists of a reality with real citizens and entities and a parallel virtual city of real entities and people.
Having a smart city that is virtual means that in some cities it is possible the coexistence between these two reality, however the issue of physical distance and location is still not easy to manage.
The vision of the world without distance still remains unmet in many ways. In practice this idea is hold up through physical IT infrastructure of cables, data centers, and exchanges. It collects local information and delivered them to the public portal; In that city, many inhabitants are able to live and even work on the Internet because they could obtain every information through IT infrastructures, thanks to the sharing information method among citizens themselves.
Using this approach, an information city could be an urban centre both economically and socially speaking; the most important thing is the linkage among civic services, people interactions and government institutions.
The notion emerges in a social context in which knowledge, learning process and creativity have great importance and the human capital is considered the most precious resource within this type of technological city. In particular one of the most significant feature of an intelligent city is that every infrastructure is up to date, that means have the latest technology in telecommunications, electronic and mechanical technology.
It creates an environment that connect citizens to any services through any device. According to Anthopoulos, L. This makes easier to the citizen the use of any available devices to interconnect them. Its goal is to create a city where any citizen can get any services anywhere and anytime through any kind of devices.
It is important to highlights that the ubiquitous city is different from the above virtual city: Cognitive smart city expands the concept of the smart city by referring to the convergence of the emerging Internet of Things IoT and smart city technologies, their generated big dataand artificial intelligence techniques.
Continuous learning through human interactions and consequently performing a dynamic and flexible behavior and actions based on the dynamic environment of the city are the core components of such framework. Human framework[ edit ] Human infrastructure i.
Social infrastructures, like for instance intellectual and social capital are indispensable factors to build a city that is smart according to the human framework. These infrastructures concern people and their relationship.
Smart City benefits from social capital and it could be possible and easier to create a Smart city concept if there are mix of education and training, culture and arts, business and commerce as Bartlett, L.
This type of city in the human context improves the competitiveness in the global knowledge economy and Campbell  established a typology of cities that are learning to be smart: That lead a city to learn how it should be possible and realistic to be smart through learning process followed by city workforce.
It exploits human potential, in particular the knowledge workforce. Following this approach, it is possible focus on education and builds a center of higher education, which is the city, obtaining better-educated individuals. According to Glaeser, E.
R,  this view moves a smart city concept in a city full of skilled workforces; the same reasoning could be make for those high tech knowledge-sensitive industries which want to migrate in a so dynamic and proactive community.How to be a smart consumer in a over-consuming society.
Menu. Home; Blog; Freedom. Consumerism, Mindful Living, Minimalism, Moore Thyme, Simple Living. In America, we have the freedom to choose the life we want. We can choose what we we want within the choices we are given.
Some of those choices are made for us like what to wear and what to eat. A smart consumer looks for a good, reliable product that’s reasonably-priced. The cheapest product may not be the best deal in the long-run if it doesn’t perform, or needs costly repairs. 2. Opportunities aplenty in for those obsessed with satisfying consumer needs in new ways.
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The statistic shows the consumer spending on smart home systems and services worldwide from to In , the spending on smart home hardware is projected to amount to 80 billion U.S.
Get the most for your money by using smart shopping strategies. Learn how to avoid common pitfalls and traps set by savvy marketers and high-pressure salesmen.