Chinese philosophy is the dominant philosophical thought in China and other countries within the East Asian cultural sphere that share a common languageincluding Japan, Koreaand Vietnam. Schools of thought[ edit ] Main article: Hundred Schools of Thought The Hundred Schools of Thought were philosophers and schools that flourished from the 6th century to BCE,  an era of great cultural and intellectual expansion in China. Even though this period — known in its earlier part as the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period — in its latter part was fraught with chaos and bloody battles, it is also known as the Golden Age of Chinese philosophy because a broad range of thoughts and ideas were developed and discussed freely.
Indian philosophical traditions Earliest Hindu philosophy were arranged and codified by Hindu Vedic sages, such as Yajnavalkya c. Indian philosophies share many concepts such as dharmakarmasamsarareincarnationdukkharenunciationmeditationwith almost all of them focussing on the ultimate goal of liberation of the individual through diverse range of spiritual practices mokshanirvana.
Their ancient doctrines span the diverse range of philosophies found in other ancient cultures. Hindu philosophyHinduismVedasand Upanishads Hindu philosophy has a diversity of traditions and numerous saints and scholars, such as Adi Shankara of Advaita Vedanta school. The Vedanta school is further divided into six sub-schools: They have been recorded in Buddhist and Jain texts.
They held that it was impossible to obtain knowledge of metaphysical nature or ascertain the truth value of philosophical propositions; and even if knowledge was possible, it was useless and disadvantageous for final salvation.
They were sophists who specialised in refutation without propagating any positive doctrine of their own. Jain philosophy and Jainism Rishabhanathabelieved to have lived over a million years ago, is considered the founder of Jain philosophy. Jain philosophy is the oldest Indian philosophy that separates body matter from the soul consciousness completely.
However, like all Indian religionsit shares the core concepts such as karma, ethical living, rebirth, samsara and moksha. Jainism places strong emphasis on asceticismahimsa non-violence and anekantavada relativity of viewpoints as a means of spiritual liberation, ideas that influenced other Indian traditions.
Buddhist philosophy and Early Buddhism The Buddhist philosophy is based on the teachings of the Buddha. Buddhist philosophy is a system of thought which started with the teachings of Siddhartha Gautamathe Buddhaor "awakened one".
Buddhism and Hinduism mutually influenced each other and shared many concepts, states Paul Williams, however it is now difficult to identify and describe these influences. Their theories are extracted from mentions of Ajivikas in the secondary sources of ancient Indian literature, particularly those of Jainism and Buddhism which polemically criticized the Ajivikas.
They were extremely critical of other schools of philosophy of the time. The differences ranged from a belief that every individual has a soul self, atman to asserting that there is no soul,  from axiological merit in a frugal ascetic life to that of a hedonistic life, from a belief in rebirth to asserting that there is no rebirth.HETERODOX SCHOOLS OF INDIAN PHILOSOPHY Unit Structure Objectives Introduction To understand about the contribution of Buddhism and Jainism in Education.
The Vedanta might be the dominant philosophical tradition in India, but it is not the sole system of thought.
|Universiity Grant Commission National Eligibility Test||The schools vary on how many of these six are valid paths of knowledge.|
|Hindu Philosophy | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy||This period is characterized by the informal presentation of philosophical doctrines through nonsystematic literature, such as the great epics, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. This period includes the rise of Buddhism, Jainism, Saivism and Vaisnavism, and the concurrent beginnings of the orthodox schools of Hinduism.|
|HINDU RELIGION||This periodisation has been criticised, for the misconceptions it has given rise to.|
To emphasize and highlight the Vedanta only in lieu of Buddhism. "ALL ABOUT HINDUISM" is intended to meet the needs of those who want to be introduced to the various facets of the crystal that is Hinduism. All schools of Vedanta propound their philosophy by interpreting these texts, were critical of all competing Hindu philosophies, Jainism and Buddhism, lyric poetry, drama and so forth.
the Hindu religious sects, the common faith of the Indian populace, looked to Vedanta philosophy for the theoretical foundations for their theology. Indian Schools Of Philosophy And Education Vedanta Buddhism Jainism Buddhism and Jainism are the two branches of the Shramana tradition that still exist today.
Jainism is largely confined to India, whereas Buddhism has only flourished abroad. The orthodox schools are Vedanta, Nyaya, Vaishesika, Mimansa, Yoga and Samkhya; and the heterodox schools are Buddhism, Jainism and Carvaka.
It is needless to say that it will be impossible to detail the philosophical structure of each school in this brief essay. Indian philosophy: Indian philosophy, the systems of thought and reflection that were developed by the civilizations of the Indian subcontinent.
They include both orthodox (astika) systems, namely, the Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Purva-Mimamsa (or Mimamsa), and Vedanta schools of .