Download this Essay in word format. Abraham Maslow, Elton Mayo, Douglas McGregor, and Chester Barnard are four theorists of numerous that assisted in building upon the formation of what is known as modern organizational theory. Modern organizational theory places emphasis on the examination of organizational behavioruse of varied methods, interdisciplinary research, as well as tries to reach generalizations applicable towards various types of organizations.
Hire Writer This raised morale and led to increased productivity.
More generally, the researchers concluded that supervisory style greatly affected worker productivity. Elton Mayo started these experiments by examining the physical and environmental influences of the workplace e. Additionally, the act of measurement, itself, impacts the results of the measurement.
The major finding of the study was that almost regardless of the experimental manipulation employed, the production of the workers seemed to improve. One reasonable conclusion is that the workers were pleased to receive attention from the researchers who expressed an interest in them.
Four general conclusions were drawn from the Hawthorne studies: The aptitudes of individuals are imperfect predictors of job performance. Although they give some indication of the physical and mental potential of the individual, the amount produced is strongly influenced by social factors.
The Hawthorne researchers discovered a group life among the workers. The studies also showed that the relations that supervisors develop with workers tend to influence the manner in which the workers carry out directives.
The Hawthorne researchers came to view the workplace as a social system made up of interdependent parts. Those experiments showed no clear connection between productivity and the amount of illumination but researchers began to wonder what kind of changes would influence output.
Variables Affecting Productivity Specifically, Elton Mayo wanted to find out what effect fatigue and monotony had on job productivity and how to control them through such variables as rest breaks, work hours, temperature and humidity.
In the process, he stumbled upon a principle of human motivation that would help to revolutionize the theory and practice of management. Elton Mayo selected two women, and had those two select an additional four from the assembly line, segregated them from the rest of the factory and put them under the eye of a supervisor who was more a friendly observer than disciplinarian.
Mayo made frequent changes in their working conditions, always discussing and explaining the changes in advance. Relay Assembly The group was employed in assembling telephone relays — a relay being a small but intricate mechanism composed of about forty separate parts which had to be assembled by the girls seated at a lone bench and dropped into a chute when completed.
The relays were mechanically counted as they slipped down the chute. The intent was to measure the basic rate of production before making any environmental changes. Then, as changes were introduced, the impact to effectiveness would be measured by increased or decreased production of the relays.
Feedback Mechanism Throughout the series of experiments, an observer sat with the girls in the workshop noting all that went on, keeping the girls informed about the experiment, asking for advice or information, and listening to their complaints.
The experiment began by introducing various changes, each of which was continued for a test period of four to twelve weeks. The results of these changes are as follows: Work Conditions and Productivity Results Under normal conditions with a forty-eight hour week, including Saturdays, and no rest pauses.
The girls produced 2, relays a week each. They were then put on piecework for eight weeks.
They were given two five-minute breaks, one in the morning, and one in the afternoon, for a period of five weeks.Maslow Elton Mayo Douglas Mcgregor management theories such as Taylor’ Scientific Management and Fayol’s Administrative Management.
In the late ’s and early ’s the Hawthorne studies were conducted where Elton Mayo was the predominate figure and contributed to the Behavioural viewpoint. Discuss the contributions to the “human side of enterprise” as articulated by Elton Mayo, Chester Barnard, Abraham Maslow, and Douglas McGregor.
Excerpt from Essay: Abraham Maslow, Elton Mayo, Douglas McGregor, and Chester Barnard are four theorists of numerous that assisted in building upon the formation of what is known as modern organizational theory.
Douglas McGregor ( - ) Nacido en Detroit, vivió sus primeros años en una ciudad industrial que emergía como la capital automotr GEORGE ELTON MAYO George Elton Mayo (), psicólogo, sociólogo y teórico de la organización empresarial de origen australiano, nació el 26 de dici.
Compare and Contrast the Management Theories of Frederick Taylor, Henri Fayol, Elton Mayo and Douglas Mcgregor.
in What Sense(S) Are These Theories Similar and/or Compatible? in What Sense(S) Are These Theories Dissimilar and/or Compatible?
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory Maslow, Abraham. Compare and contrast the management theories of Frederick Taylor, Henri Fayol, Elton Mayo and Douglas McGregor.
In what sense(s) are these theories similar and/or compatible? In what sense(s) are these theories dissimilar and/or incompatible? H Essays: Over , Compare and contrast the management theories of Frederick Taylor, Henri Fayol, Elton Mayo and Douglas McGregor.