Cognition Cognition means acquiring knowledge of the objective world. The central concept in the Marxist understanding of Cognition is practicewhich is the criterion of truth for Marxism.
A study of sustainability needs to consider the role of all forms of capital—natural, biological, social, technological, financial, cultural—and the complex ways in which they interact. All forms of capital derive their value, utility and application from human mental awareness, creativity and social innovation.
This makes human capital, including social capital, the central determinant of resource productivity and sustainability. Humanity has entered the Anthropocene Epoch in which human changes have become the predominant factor in evolution. Humanity is itself evolving from animal physicality to social vitality to mental individuality.
This transition has profound bearing on human productive capabilities, adaptability, creativity and values, the organization of economy, public policy, social awareness and life styles that determine sustainability. This article examines the linkages between population, economic development, employment, education, health, social equity, cultural values, energy intensity and sustainability in the context of evolving human consciousness.
It concludes that development of human capital is the critical determinant of long-term sustainability and that efforts to accelerate the evolution of human consciousness and emergence of mentally self-conscious individuals will be the most effective approach for ensuring a sustainable future.
Education is the primary lever. Human capital; social capital; education; employment; evolution; inequality; individuality; knowledge; population.
Introduction The subject of sustainable development encompasses a broad spectrum of economic, ecological, political, technological and social issues, including energy, water, mineral resources, climate, urban congestion, population, pollution, industrialization, technological development, public policy, health, education, and employment.
A compartmentalized piecemeal approach to the subject, such as one focusing on technological solutions or public policy issues, may shed light on specific aspects, but the complex interactions between various dimensions preclude such an exclusive concentration.
Problems are compounded when any of these subsystems and elements is regarded as if it were separate and independent from the choices and actions of human beings. When the time dimension is also considered, the challenge becomes even more complex, because over decades many of the underlying assumptions on which our view of social phenomenon is predicated may be radically altered by new and unforeseen evolutionary trends, high-impact and hard-to-predict black swans.
The population explosion of the s, the demographic transition that followed, Green Revolution in the late s, the sudden end of the Cold War inthe meteoric rise of the Internet afterthe rapid emergence of China and India into global prominence sinceand the recent global financial crisis the first of this magnitude in seven decades were unforeseen even a few years before they occurred.
Entering the 21st century, the speed of change has only accelerated. Therefore, this study is founded upon an evolutionary perspective of social development. Human capital consists of many dimensions, which have been examined in-depth by other researchers.
The objective of this article is to consider the role of human capital, not merely as one essential component but as the primary determinant of the process of social, economic and ecological development, and to explore important relationships between its various dimensions that are critical to sustainability.
Wider Conception of Capital In recent decades, humanity has recorded remarkable achievements, while placing increasing demands on our environment.
The challenge now facing humanity is to find ways to harness all available forms of capital in a manner that promotes human welfare, well-being and sustainable development for all.
Until recently the notion of capital was largely confined to financial assets utilizable for commercial and industrial investment. But a broader conception of capital can be traced back to Adam Smith, who defined four types of fixed capital—land, buildings, machinery and human abilities 1.
Natural capital consists of minerals, energy sources and other environmental resources that exist independently of human beings. Biological capital consists of all species of plants and animals that serve as the basis for other life, as well as their by-products and waste-products, such as coral reefs and the organic content of soil.
Human capital includes a wide range of human capabilities: The different forms of capital are interrelated and interdependent. All forms of life depend on natural capital for their survival. But the reverse is also true. Natural capital is enhanced or destroyed by the impact of biological life forms, e.
Financial capital is itself a product of human relationships based on exchange and trust and has no independent existence of its own. Money can be utilized to make any other resource more useful or productive.
It can be used to educate people, develop and apply technology to natural or social processes, etc. This implies that the sustainability of human capital is interwoven with the sustainability of all other forms of capital.Explore the pros and cons of the debate The benefits of Capital Punishment outweighs the harms.
The rise of the protection of the punished created new social movements, and evoked prison and penitentiary reform. This has also led to more rights for the punished, as the idea of punishment as retribution or revenge has large been superseded by the functions of protecting society .
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ACLU OBJECTIONS TO THE DEATH PENALTY. Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Gregg schwenkreis.coma, et al, the ACLU continues to oppose capital punishment on moral, practical, and constitutional grounds.
Capital punishment is cruel and schwenkreis.com is cruel because it is a relic of the earliest days of penology, when slavery, branding, and other corporal punishments were commonplace. 6 Unquestionable Benefits of Death Penalty.
October 3, , subhasish, 1 Comment. Death penalty or capital punishment is something that does not need any introduction. Everyone knows about it more or less. Death sentence is regarded as the highest punishment to capital crimes such as gruesome murders, terrorism, or act of war .