Partners can clash over countless things, including conflicting work ethics and financial goals, roles in the business and leadership styles.
The importance of anti-discriminatory practice will be discussed followed by an introduction and explanation of the PCS model of analyses devised by Thompson ; this is used to highlight discrimination and oppression on three different levels.
A specified group of service users will be focussed upon and by using the Thompson PCS model of analyses the different levels of discrimination and oppression they may experience within society will be explored.
Finally possible ways of working in partnership and empowering these service users will be discussed. Due to the limited time and word count of this essay it is only possible to begin to touch on this subject, but the foundations for understanding oppression and discrimination with methods of a way forward to an anti-discriminatory practice will be present.
Discrimination We live in a supposedly equal society, however it is apparent that our society is only equal in theory, in reality divisions are created by the social status of individuals based on factors such as age, health, income, ethnicity, sexuality and gender.
In any society there are differences between people and people are categorised within society by their differences, the three major ways society is divided are class, gender and race.
There are however further sub divisions on the basis of other factors such as disability, age and sexual orientation. Walsh et al, It is of particular significance society attributes to these differences by defining people and their roles on the basis of differences that individual groups experience oppression and marginalisation, as the power, status and opportunities people have in society are affected by how society defines them.
This creates perceptions of social norms. In our society those most likely to achieve success are able bodied, white, middle class, heterosexual males they will therefore be the group who occupy the most powerful positions in society and as such reap the benefits and rewards of a capitalist society, monetary wealth and the benefits that it brings.
This inherent bias in our society is apparent in the dominance of these white, middle class, males in the areas of politics, finance and the high ranks of the military. Adams et al, All groups defined, as outside the white, middle class, male will experience a corresponding lack of power and influence.
On a personal level we internalise the common values and the concepts of social norms of our culture, our individual thoughts, feelings and actions reflect these values and norms.
Discrimination is an accepted norm within society. It is a method used to identify differences, which can lead to unfair and unequal treatment. Thompsonp31 states that: Thompsonp10 says this is: Oppression often involves disregarding the rights of an individual or group and is a denial of citizenship.
There are three levels to be observed these very often over lap and are embedded within each other. Thompsonp19 states that: It also refers to practice, individual workers interacting with individual clients, and prejudice, the inflexibility of mind, which stands in the way of fair and non — judgmental practice.
C refers to the cultural level of shared ways of seeing, thinking and doing.
It relates to the commonalities, values and patterns of thought and behaviour, an assumed consensus about what is right and what is normal; It produces conformity to social norms, and comic humour acts as a vehicle for transmitting and reinforcing this culture.
It denotes the wider level of social forces, the socio-political dimension of interlocking patterns of power and influence. To do this we will use the PCS model of analyses; it is worth noting here as each level is often embedded within the other.
It is difficult to separate and individualise each one, but being aware of their existence and how they might interact with each other can only empower the individual practitioner. Using this model of analysis the individual practitioner can gain a clearer picture of the impact discrimination and oppression has on service users, in using this method the individual practitioner can begin to critically evaluate their own practice and values.
Older people are an increasing group of service users that experience discrimination and oppression on all three levels of the PCS analyses described by Thompson.
The Kings Fund reports, "that by the number of people aged over 60 will outnumber the number of people aged for the first time, increasing strain on the system. With the lack of adequately trained professionals in the caring professions older people become more vulnerable.
In modern society older people are negatively valued and are very often regarded as past it, they are accused of being a worthless drain on the national economic and social resources.APPS definition of partnership.
Understanding and agreeing the meaning of "partnership" is a key starting point for all organizations and individuals involved in APPS to understand its role in the development and spread of patient safety in Africa. Seattle University College of Nursing is dedicated to preparing values-based, compassionate nursing professionals who will serve the health care needs of our community, especially the frail, vulnerable and underserved.
Explain why it is important to work in partnership with others? Identify skills and approaches needed for resolving conflicts? Explain how a working relationship is different from a .
Aid effectiveness is the effectiveness of development aid in achieving economic or human development (or development targets). Following the Cold War in the late s, donor governments and aid agencies began to realize that their many different approaches and requirements for conditioning aid were imposing huge costs on .
1. Dementia Gateway: Working in partnership with carers. This summary highlights key messages from the research on ‘working in partnership with carers of people with dementia’. Essay Cyp Childcare Level 3 Guidelines FOR THE CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE’S WORKFORCE (QCF) GUIDANCE FOR UNDERSTAND HOW TO SAFEGUARD THE WELLBEING OF CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE UNIT CODE: CYP CORE Unit content 1.